Tuesday, 16 December 2014

Update KWG / bought Flughafen Wien / Macro Enterprises


After selling most some of my other real estate holdings (IMW,Sirius), the first idea is of course to increase positions, which have not performed according to my expectations.

The LTV is still in the green:

Financial Liabilities4,2483,440
minority interest book5,8796,038
accrued taxes166312
1/2 pension liabilites832849.5
heating equipment PV812812
Cash/Marketable Securities(7,043)(6,427)
Financial Assets(996)(852)

The problem with KWG is the low FFO cashflow:

H1/2013 restatedH1/2014normalizedannualized2015*
Veräußerungserlöse aus zum Verkauf gehaltenen Immobilien
Veräußerungserlöse aus als Finanzinvestitionen gehaltenen Immobilien9,1865,383
Aufwendungen aus dem Abgang von zum Verkauf gehaltenen Immobilien
Aufwendungen aus dem Abgang von als Finanzinvestitionen gehaltenen Immobilien-9,225-5,326
Gewinne aus der Anpassung des beizulegenden Zeitwertes8,896

Abschreibungen und übrige außerplanmäßige Wertminderungen-105-66
Sonstige betriebliche Erträge750435
Sonstige betriebliche Aufwendungen-2,355-3,339-2,447-4,894-4,894
Betriebsergebnis (EBIT)18,2068,3457,51615,03216,878

Ergebnis vor Ertragsteuern (EBT)12,8723,3862,5575,1146,960
Konzernergebnis nach Ertragsteuern10,5352,8072,1524,3055,859
davon entfallen auf Anteile ohne Beherrschung479189189378394
davon entfallen auf Anteilseigner des Mutterunternehmens10,0562,6181,9633,9275,464
EPS in € / normalized FFO 0.620.
number shares15,881,23415,881,23415,881,23415,881,23415,881,234

After looking at the new numbers, one can expect an FFO of 0.34 per share for 2015. This would justify a price of 6.80 at a yield of 5%. For 2015, I expect rents to increase 2% and 60*12+20*12 increase in cold rents due to renovation projects. I think an increase of 2% is prudent:
"As of 30 September 2014 the vacancy rate of the KWG portfolio improved by 10.4% to 12.9% (30/09/2013: 14.4%). At the same time, average portfolio rents rose slightly from €5.00/sqm/m to €5.10/sqm/m."
After finishing renovations vacancy will drop further, which is party included in the expected new lettings.
source H1/2014 report
Properties are valued at 421 and net cold rent is ~ 31 mio, which implies a yield of 7.4%. The book value is 10.80/share. But as long as recurring cash flows do not improve the share price will not rise sustainably. Compared with my investment in IMW (purchased at 2.5-3.3 and sold between 7-9.20), KWG was a drag on performance YTD. I will hold on to my position. Maybe some cost savings materialize as the company moved headquarters to Berlin nearer to its parant company, although I have modeled none.

Flughafen Wien is a short-term speculative bet on a tender offer not being accepted by too many shareholders. You can read a write-up at one of my favourite blogs.

Macro Enterprises has announced a buy-back today. You can read more at their website, red corner blog or Corner of Berkshire.  Macro is a Canadian construction company in the ressource industry. I hope not to be too early as with Sberbank, but believe Macro's balance sheet will shield the company from an outright bancruptcy in 2015 and the company is worth multiples of the current price if the situation improves. It is no compounder, but more a kind of an option like Sberbank but less risky. The position is about 2.5%, but this can change quickly.

Friday, 12 December 2014

Sold IMW/Sirius bought sberbank


The rest of the IMW position was sold at current prices of ~9.18€.

#sharesequitydeferred taxP/EQP/(EQ+DT)price
3/31/201416,466,6668.57 €1.07 €1.070.95€ 9.18
pro forma16,466,6669.21 €1.07 €1.000.89€ 9.18
9/31/201416,466,666€ 8.83€€ 9.18

9/30/20133/31/20133/31/2014pro forma09/31/2014
1Financial Derivative Liabilities6,389,0039,3993,5073,5070
1minority interest book3,884,7953,7204,2954,2954,429
0.5Pension/Employee Liabilities470,181455430430445
1Remaining purchase price liability Dukes Court2,7009,700000
1Cash/Marketable Securities-11,710,354-26,297-10,684-48,754-47,511
1short-term financial assets-7,294,944-5,476-2,742-3,990-2,392
1other long-term assets ( pledged bank deposits)0-1,000000



My pro forma estimate was quite near the real numbers. As the price has risen there is no clear margin of safety left in the stock, albeit I believe it to be still undervalued a little bit.

An other way to look at the situation is as follows, if IMW would consider selling itself:
net debt = 105,126
mcap= 9.18x16,466,666= 151,164
ev= 256,290
- non Valbonne@book = 3,488 (Vorratsimmobilien)+22,440 (Austerlitz)+10,700 (Industrieweg)=36,628
= 219,662 (implied value Valbonne)

cold rent 2015* = 17,600
multiplier Valbonne = 219,662/17,600= 12.5
realistic multiplier Berlin property = 18
Value Valbonne = 316,800
- 219,662 (implied value Valbonne)
= 97,138 or 5.90 per share
fair value = 5.90+9.18= 15.08€
upside = 64%

As I don't believe a sale is imminent, the position was sold. Management has now the opportunity to destroy value, because of the cash balance.


The price has risen. The stock was listed in Johannesburg, too. The current price is 5.93 or 0.41€. In London 0.405. The new listing and the announcement of an accreditive aquisition have driven the stock price higher. As I have no faith in management to outperform, this was a good oppurtunity to sell. Looking at assets and current earnings there is no satisfactory margin of safety left for me.  The dilutive capital increases without issuing rights have favoured the investors with large stakes. The interest of small investors like me seem to be of little interest.


A very small position in Russian sberbank was established. The rest of the cash will propably be deployed in other east european assets and in commodities stocks, as there seem to be bargains in the markets today. Sberbank is sensitive to the ruble and thereby to the price of oil. All Russian stocks have of sort of an commodity angle. A valuation of sberbank does not make a lot of sense to me. This is a contrarian bet and kind of a binary option on the common sense of the Russian authorities. A total loss is not implausible.

Links Sberbank:
Investor relations
Kerrisdale Capital letter for Q3 2013 @beyondproxy.

Wednesday, 19 November 2014

Update IMW Immobilien

Sale of Dukes Court
On 16.09.2014 IMW informs about the sale of Firefly Ltd., the company which owns IMW's UK property Dukes Court, for about GBP 60m. The sales price translates into roughly €75.2m. At the time of the sale Dukes Court was fully let.
At the last balance sheet date (31.03.2014) Dukes Court was valued at €67.7m, using a discount rate of 7.38%.  The vacancy was 3.4% at the time of the valuation (now fully let). The corresponding debt was €36.2m, which means IMW can expect a residual cash flow of about €39m. The profit is ~€7.5m less corresponding cost. Because the sale was a share deal, I do not expect significant cost. IMW intends to invest the proceeds into other real estate projects.

Approximation of IRR for Dukes Court Investment
Dukes Court was bought for GBP 52m or €61.1m in 2012. It generated a profit of €0.7m for fiscal year 2012/2013 and €1.4m for 2013/2014. Investments into Dukes Court were €3.8m and €4.0m respectively. Plugging the numbers into a table results in this unlevered return:

Cash flow
year 1 -61,1
year 2 -3,1
year 3 72,6
IRR 6,5%

We know this is not the right IRR due to ignoring derivatives, debt and timing of cash flows. Additionally no G&A expenses and transaction cost were allocated. But overall the investment was not as bad as expected by me in 2012. Although concentrating on Berlin residential properties would have yielded better results. A buy-back would have yielded the best returns for shareholders.

AGM on 29.09.2014
  • dividend of 0.04€ per share rejected
  • renewal of the right to purchase own shares

The company intends to downgrade their listing from the general to the entry standard of the Frankfurt stock exchange.

Asset based valuation
This is just my estimate of pro forma LTV and could be off:

30.09.201331.03.201331.03.2014pro forma
1Financial Derivative Liabilities6.389.0039.3993.5073.507
1minority interest book3.884.7953.7204.2954.295
0.5Pension/Employee Liabilities470.181455430430
1Remaining purchase price liability Dukes Court2.7009.70000
1Cash/Marketable Securities-11.710.354-26.297-10.684-48.754
1short-term financial assets-7.294.944-5.476-2.742-3.990
1other long-term assets ( pledged bank deposits)0-1.00000



IMW is not distressed and can be valued as a going concern. LTV has improved from 53.5% since my last post on IMW due to earnings and the sale of Dukes Court.

#sharesequitydeferred taxP/EQP/(EQ+DT)price
3/31/201416,466,6668.57 €1.07 €0.820.73€ 7.00
pro forma16,466,6669.21 €1.07 €0.760.68€ 7.00

 IMW is not as cheap in the past, but still trades under book at a price of €7.00. At a p/b of 1.0 IMW would trade at €9.21.

Earnings based valuation

A valuation based an earnings/cash flows is difficult because of the uncertainty regarding the reinvestment of the proceeds of the sale of Dukes Court.

Outlook for 2015:
Zu Beginn des neuen Kalenderjahres 2015 fallen rund 1.900 Wohneinheiten aus der bisherigen Nachwirkung der Förderung des sozialen Wohnungsbaus. Dies versetzt uns in die Lage, moderate Mietpreisanhebungen vorzunehmen, die auf Jahressicht zu einem Anstieg der Mieterlöse im Konzern von rund 6 % auf etwa € 19,3 Mio. führen sollen.
IMW expects to increase gross rental income from € 18.2m 2013/2014 to € 19.3m. Let us assume € 1.1m will flow right to the bottom line. The revaluation of the Vorratsimmobilie and 50% of "Risikovorsorge für Betriebsprüfungen" was added back as these items are non-recurring. For the tax audit I was not sure and added only 50% back.  € 3.1m maintenace cap-ex is included in the following figures for continued operations:

EBIT from continued operation before revaluations9,91611,016
add back revaluation Vorratsimmobilie300300
add back 50% of "Risikovorsorge für Betriebsprüfungen"400400
Interest expense-6,249-5,600
add back interest expense due to tax arrears5480
normalized income before tax4,9156,116
theoretical tax @15.825%778968
normalized earnings4,1375,148
per share€ 0.25€ 0.31

Taking into account the cash proceeds of ~€ 39m or € 2.4 per share due to the sale of Dukes Court is difficult, as we do not know on which projects the money will be spend. Investments into the Valbonne portfolio in Berlin will be self-financed.

Putting a multiple of 20x on earnings, not outlandish for Berlin residential property, and adding € 2.4 would imply a price of € 8.6 per share.

In November 2013 IMW signed a € 136m loan for ten years at 3.6% p.a. The spread to the 1.705% of the 10-year Bund was 1.9%. With the Bund (risk-free rate) now at 1.1% this implies a pre-tax cost of debt of 3.0%. The labor cost of € 2.5m for fiscal 2013/2014 will not rise proportionally with new investments. That is why I was against the dividend, which was not approved at the AGM. Taking into account the cost basis adding back the € 2.4 may be too low. But the management team in place has not earned the capital cost for the business.

For the time being I will hold on to my remaining position. At a price of 8.6€, I would sell. As my position was very big, the position was trimmed significantly above 7€ already.

Tuesday, 28 October 2014

Sold Covidien / Better timeline for UMS special situation


Having bought the Covidien at discounts well above 10% I have exited the position completely. The situation looks like this as of now 10/28/2014:


implied value bid98.68

price covidien90.12


medtronic break-even price

If the spread to the implied value of Medtronic's bid to aquire Covidien rises again, the position will probably be established once again. On the Ideas tab of the blog you can follow my trades in Covidien, which I try to update regularly. As the situation at Shire has shown this type of investment is no true value investment, but more speculative.
I have been long Covidien before the bid of Medtronic and think the long-term downside if the bid does not go through and the market closes for the next 10 years is not huge.


I have updated my expected IRR due to UMS providing more visibility re the timeline of its liquidation. You can find the CEO's speech in German here. Pre-tax the situation could look like this:

buydividend 1dividend 2
pre-tax IRR13.54%

If one includes the effect of taxes of the typical German retail investor the situation could look like this:

buydividend 1dividend 2tax refund
tax on 1/2
net cashflow-9.556.51093752.65051.52975

after-tax IRR8.15%

Instead of 2016 for the second dividend I have used 2017 to be on the safe side, because there could be obstacles to liquidate the whole company already on 2016. Additionally I do not know how much of the dividends will be tax exempt, so I have modelled for the dividends to be half tax-exempt. Depending on the individual situation the timing of the tax refund will differ of course. If I am right the situation is more interesting for tax-exempt investors than for retail investors. Liquidity is way lower than for e.g. Covidien and I plan to actively trade around the position. The upside is capped, but the downside is still there in these situations. If the pre-tax IRR falls below 10% I would start to sell.

The current IRR looks promising compared to 5yr Bunds with 0.16% YTM.

As always: Do your own research and use limit orders for UMS.